Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/47133
Title: Analytical methods for the determination of common booster biocides in marine samples
Authors: Sánchez-Rodríguez, Álvaro
Sosa-Ferrera, Zoraida 
Santana-Rodríguez, José J. 
UNESCO Clasification: 2302 Bioquímica
2301 química analítica
Keywords: Booster biocide
Irgarol 1051
Diuron
Sea nine 211
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: 1895-1066
Project: Estudio y Control Analitico de la Presencia de Diferentes Grupos de Contaminantes Orgánicos en Puertos Deportivos y Pesqueros de la Isla de Gran Canaria. 
Journal: Central European Journal of Chemistry 
Abstract: Booster biocides are organic compounds that are added to antifouling copper-based paints to improve their efficacy. Due to their widespread use, they are common pollutants of marine ecosystems. Some of these compounds show acute and chronic toxic effects in non-targeted organisms at concentrations as low as ng L−1. The determination of these compounds is therefore important, and for some, which are prioritized in the EU water framework directive, a necessity. Because of their low concentrations and the matrix effect, these contaminants often require a suitable sample preparation step (extraction/pre-concentration) prior to chromatographic determination. The aim of the present article is to review extraction and chromatographic methodologies related to the determination of common booster biocides in marine samples published in the scientific literature. These methodologies include liquid-liquid extraction (LLE), solid phase extraction (SPE), solid phase microextraction (SPME), single drop microextraction (SDME), Soxhlet extraction, microwave-assisted extraction (MAE), supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) and pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) as extraction methods, and both gas and liquid chromatography as determination techniques.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/47133
ISSN: 1895-1066
DOI: 10.2478/s11532-011-0154-z
Source: Central European Journal of Chemistry [ISSN 1895-1066], v. 10, p. 521-533
Appears in Collections:Reseña
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