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Title: Novel cetacean morbillivirus in Guiana Dolphin, Brazil
Authors: Groch, Kátia R.
Colosio, Adriana C.
Marcondes, Milton C C
Zucca, Daniele
Diaz Delgado, Josue 
Niemeyer, Claudia
Marigo, Juliana
Brandão, Paulo E.
Fernández Rodríguez, Antonio Jesús 
Catão-Dias, José Luiz
UNESCO Clasification: 310907 Patología
Keywords: Morbillivirus
Guiana dolphin
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: 1080-6040
Journal: Emerging Infectious Diseases 
Abstract: Since 1987, morbillivirus (family Paramyxoviridae, genus Morbillivirus) outbreaks among pinnipeds and cetaceans in the Northern Hemisphere have caused high rates of death (1,2). Two morbillivirus species are known to affect aquatic animals: Phocine distemper virus (PDV) and Cetacean morbillivirus (CeMV). PDV has been isolated from pinnipeds, and 3 strains of CeMV (porpoise morbillivirus [PMV], dolphin morbillivirus [DMV], and pilot whale morbillivirus [PWMV]) have been isolated from dolphins and whales (3,4). Serologic surveys indicate that morbilliviruses infect marine mammals worldwide (5); however, only 1 fatal case in a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) has been confirmed in the Southern Hemisphere (in the southwestern Pacific Ocean) (6). Positive DMV-specific antibody titers in 3 Fraser’s dolphins (Lagenodelphis hosei) stranded off Brazil and Argentina in 1999 indicate the exposure of South Atlantic cetaceans to morbillivirus (7). We report a case of lethal morbillivirus infection in a Guiana dolphin (Sotalia guianensis), a coastal marine and estuarine species that occurs off the Atlantic Coast of South and Central America.
ISSN: 1080-6040
DOI: 10.3201/eid2003.131557
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases [ISSN 1080-6040],v. 20 (3), p. 511-513
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