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Title: Subsurface drip irrigation and reclaimed water quality effects on phosphorus and salinity distribution and forage production
Authors: Palacios-Díaz, M. P. 
Mendoza-Grimón, V. 
Fernández-Vera, J. R. 
Rodríguez-Rodríguez, F.
Tejedor-Junco, M. T. 
Hernández-Moreno, J. M.
Keywords: Soil Microbial Biomass
Nitrogen Nutrition
Availability, et al
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: 0378-3774
Journal: Agricultural Water Management 
Abstract: In the Canary Islands, water scarcity is one of the constraints for agricultural activity. Non-conventional water resources generally represent more water volume than conventional ones. The distribution of these resources frequently permits the possibility of a conjunctive use of desalinated (DW) water and reclaimed municipal wastewater (RW). Field testing with both water qualities and different irrigation systems is necessary for optimal site-specific management. The objective of this work was to evaluate soil salinity and phosphorus distribution, and alfalfa yield in a 20 month field experiment carried out in the island of Gran Canaria, using municipal RW and freshwater (FW) under subsurface drip irrigation (SDI). Phosphorus speciation was performed both in irrigation waters and in soils (Olsen's inorganic, organic, and microbial). RW had large EC values (2.4 dS m(-1)) with a remarkable nutrient load contribution and an average total P around 3 mg L-1, predominantly hydrolysable forms, while FW had very low salinity and negligible amounts of P. For the RW treatment a salt gradient was established, causing plant mortality between the irrigation lines. The study of P speciation allows describing P distribution and plant uptake in terms of P forms. Large values of microbial P were produced for the two irrigation waters around the emitters, especially for FW.A faster P-cycling Could have contributed to the significantly larger inorganic P contents observed in FW irrigated soils, in spite no external sources were added by the irrigation water. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0378-3774
DOI: 10.1016/j.agwat.2009.06.021
Source: Agricultural Water Management[ISSN 0378-3774],v. 96, p. 1659-1666
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