Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10553/40299
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dc.contributor.authorHenríquez Hernández, Luis Albertoen_US
dc.contributor.authorPérez Luzardo, Octavio Len_US
dc.contributor.authorBoada, luis den_US
dc.contributor.authorCarranza-Rodríguez, Cristinaen_US
dc.contributor.authorPérez-Arellano, José L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGonzález Antuña, Anaen_US
dc.contributor.authorAlmeida-González, Mairaen_US
dc.contributor.authorBarry-Rodríguez, C.en_US
dc.contributor.authorZumbado, Manuelen_US
dc.contributor.authorCamacho Rodríguez, Maríaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-11T09:57:49Z-
dc.date.available2018-06-11T09:57:49Z-
dc.date.issued2017en_US
dc.identifier.issn0269-7491en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10553/40299-
dc.description.abstractAfrica's economy is growing faster than any other continent and it has been estimated that the middle class in Africa now exceeds 350 million people. This has meant a parallel increase in the importation of consumer goods and in the implementation of communication and information technologies (ICT), but also in the generation of large quantities of e-waste. However, inadequate infrastructure development remains a major constraint to the continent's economic growth and these highly toxic residues are not always adequately managed. Few studies have been conducted to date assessing the possible association between socioeconomic development factors, including e-waste generation, and blood levels of inorganic elements in African population. To disclose the role of geographical, anthropogenic, and socioeconomic development determinants on the blood levels of Ag, Al, As, Be, Cd, Co, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb, Sb, and V —all of them frequently found in e-waste—, an immigrant population-based study was made including a total of 245 subjects from 16 countries recently arrived to the Canary Islands (Spain). Women presented higher levels of blood elements than men, and Northern Africans (Moroccans) were the most contaminated. People from low-income countries exhibited significantly lower blood levels of inorganic elements than those from middle-income countries. We found a significant association between the use of motor vehicles and the implementation of information and communication technologies (ICT) and the level of contamination. Immigrants from the countries with a high volume of imports of second-hand electronic equipment, telephone and internet use had higher levels of inorganic elements. In general terms, the higher level of economic development the higher the blood levels of inorganic pollutants, suggesting that the economic development of Africa, in parallel to e-waste generation and the existence of informal recycling sites, have directly affected the level of contamination of the population of the continent.en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofEnvironmental Pollutionen_US
dc.sourceEnvironmental Pollution [ISSN 0269-7491], v. 230, p. 817-828en_US
dc.subject3214 Toxicologíaen_US
dc.subject320505 Enfermedades infecciosasen_US
dc.subject.otherAfrican countriesen_US
dc.subject.otherCanary islandsen_US
dc.subject.otherDeterminantsen_US
dc.subject.otherHeavy metalsen_US
dc.subject.otherHuman biomonitoringen_US
dc.subject.otherImmigrantsen_US
dc.titleStudy of the influencing factors of the blood levels of toxic elements in Africans from 16 countriesen_US
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/Articleen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.envpol.2017.07.036
dc.identifier.scopus85024828060
dc.identifier.isi000412250900085-
dc.contributor.authorscopusid15829708200
dc.contributor.authorscopusid6507534124
dc.contributor.authorscopusid6603916807
dc.contributor.authorscopusid6603949899
dc.contributor.authorscopusid7005553929
dc.contributor.authorscopusid36058862700
dc.contributor.authorscopusid36450107800
dc.contributor.authorscopusid57195034951
dc.contributor.authorscopusid6603459604
dc.contributor.authorscopusid34067495700
dc.identifier.eissn1873-6424-
dc.description.lastpage828-
dc.description.firstpage817-
dc.relation.volume230-
dc.investigacionCiencias de la Saluden_US
dc.type2Artículoen_US
dc.identifier.wosWOS:000412250900085-
dc.contributor.daisngid30144524
dc.contributor.daisngid418704
dc.contributor.daisngid1656886
dc.contributor.daisngid6676981
dc.contributor.daisngid445671
dc.contributor.daisngid2664538
dc.contributor.daisngid1343269
dc.contributor.daisngid18505853
dc.contributor.daisngid418822
dc.contributor.daisngid711282
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:Henriquez-Hernandez, LA
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:Luzardo, OP
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:Boada, LD
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:Carranza, C
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:Arellano, JLP
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:Gonzalez-Antuna, A
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:Almeida-Gonzalez, M
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:Barry-Rodriguez, C
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:Zumbado, M
dc.contributor.wosstandardWOS:Camacho, M
dc.date.coverdateEnero 2017
dc.identifier.ulpgces
item.fulltextSin texto completo-
item.grantfulltextnone-
crisitem.author.deptMedio Ambiente y Salud-
crisitem.author.deptIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.deptDepartamento de Ciencias Clínicas-
crisitem.author.deptMedio Ambiente y Salud-
crisitem.author.deptIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.deptDepartamento de Ciencias Clínicas-
crisitem.author.deptMedio Ambiente y Salud-
crisitem.author.deptIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.deptDepartamento de Ciencias Clínicas-
crisitem.author.deptEstudio del proceso infeccioso y sus agentes causales-
crisitem.author.deptIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.deptDepartamento de Ciencias Médicas y Quirúrgicas-
crisitem.author.deptMedio Ambiente y Salud-
crisitem.author.deptIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.deptDepartamento de Ciencias Clínicas-
crisitem.author.deptMedio Ambiente y Salud-
crisitem.author.deptIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.deptDepartamento de Ciencias Clínicas-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0003-3237-0316-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-4153-3028-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-0195-4565-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-2936-8242-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0003-2410-4659-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0002-1534-7758-
crisitem.author.orcid0000-0003-2891-1474-
crisitem.author.parentorgIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.parentorgIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.parentorgIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.parentorgIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.parentorgIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.parentorgIU de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias-
crisitem.author.fullNameHenríquez Hernández, Luis Alberto-
crisitem.author.fullNamePérez Luzardo, Octavio Luis-
crisitem.author.fullNameDomínguez Boada, Luis María-
crisitem.author.fullNamePérez Arellano, José Luis-
crisitem.author.fullNameGonzález Antuña, Ana-
crisitem.author.fullNameAlmeida González, Maira Del Pino-
crisitem.author.fullNameZumbado Peña, Manuel Luis-
crisitem.author.fullNameCamacho Rodríguez, María De Los Ángeles-
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