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Title: Research based guidelines for effective visitation management of museums’ image
Authors: Moreno-Gil, Sergio 
Brent Ritchie, J.R.
UNESCO Clasification: 531290 Economía sectorial: turismo
Keywords: Cultural marketing
Personal characteristics, et al
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: International Journal of Culture, Tourism, and Hospitality Research 
Abstract: Purpose: This paper aims to better understand museums’ image. The study examined the influence of visitors’ socio-demographic (gender, social class), tripographic (party group, previous experience with the museum and timing of the decision to visit the museum) and geographic characteristics (national – international visitors), on the different components and dimensions of perceived museums’ image (cognitive and affective) in a major tourism destination. Design/methodology/approach: This research focussed on museums located on Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain). The population of the study included museum attendees who visited the main museums of the island (13 museums). The selection of respondents (252) was made following a systematic random sampling at the exit gate of the museums. Findings: The repeat visitors and those who plan the visit in advance were found to have a more positive museums’ image for both the cognitive and the affective components of museum image. There was also a positive influence of party group on the cognitive and affective dimensions of image, whereas families showed a less positive image. In addition, there were significant relationships between the visitors’ socio-demographic characteristics of gender, and social class, and the affective and cognitive components of image – women and higher classes achieving a better image. National visitors also showed a more positive image on both the cognitive and affective components of museum image. Six image dimensions were found and specific effects on each are discussed. Originality/value: This study adds to the growing literature on museums for a better understanding of the perceived image of this cultural product (museums) at the destination, and how it can be managed according to the profile of their publics. Additionally, it considers the different dimensions of museums’ image: quality of visitation experience, convenience and functionality, price, general appearance, museum shop and affective image.
ISSN: 1750-6182
DOI: 10.1108/IJCTHR-01-2017-0007
Source: International Journal of Culture, Tourism, and Hospitality Research[ISSN 1750-6182],v. 11, p. 534-550
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