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Title: Derivados sintéticos de la 1,3-difenilpropenona como potenciales agentes antileucémicos
Authors: Del Rosario García, Henoc 
Director: Estévez Rosas, Francisco Jesús 
Quintana Aguiar, José Martín 
UNESCO Clasification: 320101 Oncología
Issue Date: 2023
Abstract: Synthetic flavonoids with new substitution patterns have attracted attention as potential anticancer drugs. Here, twelve chalcones were synthesized and their antiproliferative activities against five human tumour cells were evaluated. This series of chalcone derivatives was characterized by the presence of an additional aromatic or heterocyclic ring linked by an ether, in the case of a benzyl radical, or an ester or amide functional group in the case of a furoyl radical. In addition, the influence on cytotoxicity by the presence of one or three methoxy groups or a 2,4-dimethoxy-3-methyl system on the B ring of the chalcone scaffold was also explored. The results revealed that the most cytotoxic chalcones contain a furoyl substituent linked by an ester or an amide through the 2’-hydroxy or the 2’-amino group of the A ring of the chalcone skeleton, with IC50 values between 0.2 ± 0.1 µM and 1.3 ± 0.1 µM against human leukaemia cells. The synthetic chalcone 2’- furoyloxy-4-methoxychalcone (FMC) was, at least, ten-fold more potent than the antineoplastic agent etoposide against U-937 cells and displayed less cytotoxicity against human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Treatment of U-937 and HL-60 cells with FMC induced cell cycle arrest at the G2-M phase, an increase in the percentage of sub-G1 and annexin-V positive cells, the release of mitochondrial cytochrome c, activation of caspase and poly(ADPribose) polymerase cleavage. In addition, it inhibited tubulin polymerization in vitro in a concentration dependent manner. Cell death triggered by this chalcone was decreased by the pan-caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk and was dependent of the generation of reactive oxygen species. We conclude that this furoyloxychalcone may be useful in the development of a potential anti-leukaemia strategy
Description: Programa de Doctorado en Investigación Aplicada a las Ciencias Sanitarias por la Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria; la Universidad de León y Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro
Department: Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular, Fisiología, Genética e Inmunología
Faculty: Facultad de Ciencias de La Salud
Appears in Collections:Tesis doctoral
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