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Title: Factors Associated with Stunting among Children Aged 0 to 59 Months from the Central Region of Mozambique
Authors: Garcia Cruz,Loida Maria 
González Azpeitia, Gloria 
Reyes Suárez, Desiderio Zacarías 
Santana Rodríguez, Alfredo 
Loro Ferrer, Juan Francisco 
Serra Majem, Luis 
UNESCO Clasification: 32 Ciencias médicas
3206 Ciencias de la nutrición
320110 Pediatría
3212 Salud pública
Keywords: Stunting
Issue Date: 2017
Conference: VIII Symposium CIBER Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Undernutrition is a major public health problem that increases the global health burden of premature mortality and morbidities during childhood. It accounts for 45% of all deaths in children under five years of age. More than two million children under five years of age die each year due to undernutrition around the world. . ‘The UNICEF’s Annual Reports’ consistently show the prevalence of stunting in Sub-Saharan Africa to be around 30–40%, varying per country or region or urban versus rural environment. According to ‘The 2016 Global Nutrition Report’, the prevalence of stunting in Mozambique in children under the age of five years is still high (43.3%) while the underweight (19%) and wasting (5.9%) categories are decreasing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify the major socio-demographic, health, and environmental determinants of stunting among children aged 0–59 months from the Tete province (Mozambique) and offering useful information for future healthcare strategies and interventions. MATERIAl AND METHODS: A case-control study was conducted among 282 (162 boys; 120 girls) children under five years of age from the central region of Mozambique between 1 May and 3 June 2014. Children with stunting (HAZ < 2 SD according to the WHO Child Growth Standards in 2006) were considered as cases and those who had a Z-score < 2 SD were considered as controls. We collected data related to mothers and children and their environment, and they were assessed in two groups to find a possible association. The software used for data analysis was the SPSS® (version, 21.0) using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, chi-square analyses, bivariate comparisons, and stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis. RESUlTS: The results showed that birth weight, mother’s educational status, maternal occupation, living in a rural area, family size, number of children under five years of age in the household, cooking with charcoal, inhabiting wooden or straw housing or housing without proper floors, overall duration of breastfeeding as well as duration of exclusive breastfeeding, and time of initiation of complementary feeding were significantly related to stunting. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, appropriate nutritional intervention programmes considering these determinants and the dissemination of knowledge at the population level related to undernutrition are necessary to ameliorate the children´s nutritional status.
Source: Obesity and Nutrition in the 21st Century / VIII Symposium CIBER Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (Madrid, junio 2017)
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