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Title: Impacts of microplastics on marine food webs: a review
Authors: Ugwu Hernández, Kevin 
Herrera Ulibarri, Alicia 
Almeda García, Rodrigo 
Gómez, May 
UNESCO Clasification: Materias
Keywords: Microplastics
Marine vertebrates
Marine food webs
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Servicio de Publicaciones y Difusión Científica de la Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC) 
Project: Impacto de Los Aditivos Lixiviados de Los Microplásticos en El Plancton 
Evaluación del impacto de microplásticos y contaminantes emergentes en las costas de la Macaronesia 
Implementation of the indicator Impacts of marine litter on sea turtles and biota in RSC and MSFD areas 
Conference: II International Workshop on Marine Litter (BAMAR 2022) 
Abstract: Plastics are the most abundant component in marine debris. In turn, microplastics (<5 mm) are those most found to be ingested by marine biota. This review will show the current state of studies of effects of microplastics on marine biota, specifically what groups of vertebrates most affected by ingestion of microplastics, and the type and predominant colour of ingested microplastics. Additionally, we evaluate how plastic additives and leachates can affect marine organisms, particularly plankton. With respect to vertebrates, we review a total of 180 articles published from January 2010 to April of 2022. Our results show that the group most affected are turtles with 88% of the specimens contaminated by microplastics and median of 122 particles per individual. The predominant type was fibers (67.3%), the dominant polymer was polyethylene (27.3%), the size was less than 2 mm (73.6%), and colour was blue (32.9%). Regarding plastic additives, we found that plastic leachates are toxic to marine planktonic organism, from bacteria to copepods, causing lethal and sublethal effect (decreased growth and development, malformations, etc). Therefore, microplastics and their associated chemical additives are a serious threat for marine food webs, particularly in coastal areas and hotspots of plastic debris such as the Canary Islands.
ISBN: 978-84-9042-480-3
Source: Libro de Abstracs del II International Workshop on Marine Litter (BAMAR 2022) / María Esther Torres Padrón (ed.), p. 31
Appears in Collections:Ponencias
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