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Title: Using biomarkers to indentify oxidative stress response in zebrafish (Danio rerio) fed with microplastics (fragments and virgin pellets)
Authors: Autiero, Alexandro
Martínez Sánchez, Ico 
Navarro Molina, Alberto 
Bautista Gea, Arianna
Almeda García, Rodrigo 
Packard, Theodore Train 
Gómez, May 
Rocha, Maria João
Herrera Ulibarri, Alicia 
UNESCO Clasification: 251001 Oceanografía biológica
251002 Oceanografía química
330811 Control de la contaminación del agua
331210 Plásticos
2405 Biometría, et al
Keywords: Water pollution
Plastic particles
Danio rerio
Oxidative stress
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Servicio de Publicaciones y Difusión Científica de la Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC) 
Project: Evaluación del impacto de microplásticos y contaminantes emergentes en las costas de la Macaronesia 
Evaluación de los riesgos derivados de la contaminación marina por microplásticos 
Conference: II International Workshop on Marine Litter (BAMAR 2022) 
Abstract: The widespread use of plastics correlated with its potential toxic effects is an emerging problem today. Thus, we aimed to test the hypothesis that pairing a commercial fish flake with a 10% microplastic diet can be associated to an increased amount of oxidative stress in adult zebrafish (Danio rerio). The induction of stress response pathways is an important indicator of the presence of chemical and non-chemical stressors in cells. To do so, four different treatments were prepared to feed daily and at scheduled time the animals that were divided into 12 distinct tanks, each one with 36 animals. The first treatment was with normal fish flake (A); the second one was with virgin pellet (B); the third one was with collected microplastics at Lambra’s beach in Lanzarote (C) and the fourth contained microplastic collected at Porís’ beach in Tenerife (D). Three replicates of each diet were prepared to compare a possible oxidative response difference among the treatments with the control. At T0, T7 and T30 we used biomarkers such as catalase (CAT), glutamate S-transferase (GST) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) to analyse the animal’s muscular tissue. We used a spectrophotometer to evaluate the variation of oxidative stress accumulated. Data analysis revealed that the activity of antioxidant enzymes of GST seems to increase throughout the study, especially in the muscular tissue of the MPs- fed group in comparison with the control and that the activity of CAT and LPO show no significant difference. Further, we weighted and measured the length of animals at T0, T7 and T30. Results show that animals exposed to collected MPs experienced a slight loss of weight while the longitude remained stable. In conclusion, MPs exposure during 30 days has affected weight increase in Danio rerio and may have induced an oxidative stress response.
ISBN: 978-84-9042-480-3
Source: Libro de Abstracs del II International Workshop on Marine Litter (BAMAR 2022) / María Esther Torres Padrón (ed.), p. 93
Appears in Collections:Póster de congreso
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