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Title: Host-feeding pattern of biting midges Culicoides and mosquitoes in Canary Islands, Spain: potential implications for disease transmission
Authors: Josué Martínez de la Puente
Argüello Henríquez, Anastasio 
Castro Navarro, Noemí 
M Ferragutti
Hernández Castellano, Lorenzo Enrique 
J Martínez
Morales De La Nuez, Antonio José 
Moreno Indias,Isabel 
S Ruiz
R Soriguer
J Figuerola
UNESCO Clasification: 3104 Producción Animal
240803 Insectos
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: International Goat Association
Conference: 11th International Conference on Goats 
Abstract: Flying blood-sucking insects play a main role under a veterinary perspective as blood feeders and vectors of a diversity of pathogens. The direct costs, draining resources from their hosts, or indirect costs, imposed by those pathogens transmitted by them, adversely affect the survival probability and health status of livestock and wild species. Furthermore, climate change and human activities have largely contributed to the introduction and spread of some of the diseases transmitted by flying blood-sucking insects during the last decades. Therefore, further studies are necessary in order to identify the potential insect vectors of diseases present in a particular area and identify their host feeding pattern. Here, we captured two insect groups, biting midges Culicoides and mosquitoes, in one farm in Gran Canaria and one farm in Tenerife. The bloodmeal origin of engorged females was determined using a recently developed molecular approach based on the Barcoding of Life program that aims to provide a reference library of COI sequences of all organisms on the Earth. The morphological identification of biting midges and mosquitoes revealed the presence of one morphospecies of biting midges belonging to Culicoides obsoletus group and five different species of mosquitoes including Culex theileri, Culex pipiens, Culiseta longiareolata, Anopheles atroparvus and Anopheles cinereus. In order to identify at the species level the biting midges captured, we sequenced the barcoding region from 20 individuals. Two haplotypes differing in a single base between them were identified, both belonging to C. obsoletus species. Moreover, we successfully identified the bloodmeal origin from 89 biting midges C. obsoletus, 121 Cx. theileri and four Cx. pipiens using amplification and sequencing of a fragment of the vertebrate COI gene. The analyses revealed that C. obsoletus females fed on goats and sheep, Cx. theileri fed blood on goats, sheep, dogs, cattle, cats, humans and chickens and Cx. pipiens fed on goats and chickens. Our results support that both goats and sheep in Canary Islands suffer the attack of different flying blood-sucking insects including biting midges Culicoides and mosquitoes. Also, because the biting midge C. obsoletus is considered a potential vector of bluetongue viruses, our results confirm the potential bluetongue circulation in case of virus introduction into the islands.
Source: 11th International Conference on Goats
Appears in Collections:Ponencias
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