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Title: Skeletal assemblages and grain-size distribution of seamount sediments off the Canary islands
Authors: Quevedo González, Luis Ángel 
Mangas Viñuela, José 
Menéndez González, Inmaculada 
UNESCO Clasification: 251090-1 Geología marina. Dinámica sedimentaria
Keywords: Canary Islands
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Servicio de Publicaciones y Difusión Científica de la Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC) 
Conference: VIII International Symposium on Marine Sciences (ISMS 2022) 
Abstract: Grain-size distributions and skeletal assemblages of surface sediments from the Amanay Seamount, El Banquete, and Conception Bank (Canary Islands) were combined to better understand the textural variability in carbonate microfacies of seamounts in temperate waters. Grain size was determined in half phi intervals by wet-sieving (< 63 μm) and drysieving (> 63 μm) and resulting fractions were stored separately in plastic bags and vials for subsequent provenance studies. Skeletal assemblages were obtained by grain counts in bulk and half phi intervals using a camera-coupled microscope (1x-600x). These compositional datasets were further analysed using multivariate methods. In general terms, unimodal and polymodal distributions show major modes within fine sands (125-180 μm), medium sands (250-355 μm), coarse sands and fine gravels (> 1 mm). Poorly sorted sediments occur at shallow depths (< 200 m bsl) on Amanay and El Banquete, due to coarse material (e.g.: rhodolites, gastropods, serpulids, bryozoans), whereas bathyal and well sorted fine sands show peaks at 125-180 μm comprising mainly forams, pteropods and bryozoan debris. In contrast, sands of Conception Bank show an ubiquitous mode at 250- 355 μm of planktic forams at bathyal depths (> 300 m bsl), whereas of mixed relict and recent grains towards the summit (< 300 m bsl) that shifts to coarse-skewed distributions due to millimetric bivalves, and subordinate bryozoan and echinoid remains. Grain-size distribution of carbonate sediments at seamounts results of complex interactions between grain source (planktic vs. benthic), fragmentation, preservation, oceanography, and bathymetry. Hence, the analysis of grain size and skeletal assemblages combined may help constraining whether grain sources or environmental processes control the textural features of surface sediments on seamounts, and ultimately help modelling seamount carbonates and their spatial distribution using suitable prediction algorithms.
ISBN: 978-84-9042-477-3
Source: Abstracts Volume VIII International Symposium on Marine Sciences, July 2022 / coordinación, María Esther Torres Padrón, p. 77
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