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Title: A sudden beaches formation on the coastal lava- deltas of the 2021 volcanic eruption on La Palma
Authors: Ferrer Valero, Nicolás 
García Romero, Leví Aday 
Sanromualdo-Collado, Abel 
Vegas, Juana
Dóniz-Páez, Javier
Mangas Viñuela, José 
UNESCO Clasification: 250507 Geografía física
Keywords: Detrital volcanic beaches
Lava delta
Volcanic eruption
La Palma
Canary Islands
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Servicio de Publicaciones y Difusión Científica de la Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC) 
Conference: VIII International Symposium on Marine Sciences (ISMS 2022) 
Abstract: On September 19, 2021, a new monogenetic volcano erupted on the island of La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain), in the northwestern sector of the Cumbre Vieja volcanic rift, at an altitude of approximately 1,050 meters. As a result of approximately 12 weeks of volcanic emissions, a pyroclastic cone about 200 meters high was formed, as well as successive lava flows that descended the western slopes of Cumbre Vieja until reaching the sea for the first time on September 29, 2021. As they descended the coastal cliffs and entered the sea, the lava flows formed two lava delta of 75 and 5 ha on the insular shelf. This work explores the coastal transformations associated with this process through the analysis of high-resolution orthophotos from September 29 to December 27, 2021, with an average frequency of 2 weekly drone images. The observations show a sudden accumulation of finegrained particles in the shoreline in short periods of only 24 to 72 hours, and their subsequent apparently stability. This process was verified in two similar events of lava delta progradation. The first lasted from September 29, when the first lava flows entered the sea; until October 8, when the lava front stabilizes. Just after, a total of 10 small beaches of fine volcanic material appeared in following the 24-72 hours. The second episode took place between November 10, with a new lava front affecting the southern half of the lava delta, and the formation of a new, smaller one, to the north; until November 24, when both lava fronts stabilize. Once again, 16 small beaches of fine volcanic grains appeared in the following 24-72 hours. This research discusses the processes that may have given rise to the sudden formation of these new beaches, as well as their possible short- and mid-term stability and evolution.
ISBN: 978-84-9042-477-3
Source: Abstracts Volume VIII International Symposium on Marine Sciences, July 2022 / coordinación, María Esther Torres Padrón, p. 295
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