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Title: A fuzzy-hybrid analysis of citizens’ perception toward immigrants in Europe
Authors: Martín Hernández, Juan Carlos 
Indelicato, Alessandro 
UNESCO Clasification: 5302 Econometría
5206 Características de la población
Keywords: European Social Survey
Fuzzy-Hybrid Approach
Issue Date: 2022
Journal: Quality and Quantity 
Abstract: The public and political debate about immigration now play a big role in all European elections, and there is a trend increasing an anti-immigrant sentiment that receives important media attention. This work, based on the European Social Survey (ESS) round 9 data for 27 European countries, contributes to such debate by introducing a new method in the field, a Fuzzy-Hybrid Approach (FHA), that complements other methodological methods that have been used to measure citizens’ attitudes towards immigrants. The novel approach in the field provides a synthetic indicator that measures openness towards immigrants (OTISI). Then, we analyse the relationship that exists between some specific sociodemographic variables and the new index. Results show that country, political orientation, age, religion, economic situation, gender, birthplace, employment, education, universalism, and conformity are key drivers that explain different attitudes towards immigrants. Our findings concur with other previous studies showing that the results are robust and that the method can be applied in future social science studies.
ISSN: 0033-5177
DOI: 10.1007/s11135-022-01401-0
Source: Quality and Quantity[ISSN 0033-5177], (Enero 2022)
Appears in Collections:Artículo preliminar
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