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Title: A Novel Ranging Technique Based on Optical Camera Communications and Time Difference of Arrival
Authors: Rabadán Borges, José Alberto 
Guerra Yánez, Víctor 
Guerra, Carlos
Rufo, Julio 
Pérez Jiménez, Rafael 
UNESCO Clasification: 3307 Tecnología electrónica
Keywords: Visible-Light Communication
Positioning System
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Applied Sciences (Basel) 
Abstract: In this work, a new Time Difference of Arrival (TDoA) scheme for distance measurement based on Optical Camera Communication (OCC) systems is proposed. It relies on the use of optical pulses instead of radio-frequency signals as the time reference triggers, and the introduction of a rolling shutter camera, whose characteristics allows substituting the timer modules used in conventional TDoA techniques by image processing of the illuminated area in the picture. This processing on the camera's images provides time measurements and implies and specific analysis, which is presented in this work. The system performance and properties, such as resolution and range, mainly depends on the camera characteristics, such as the frames capture rate and the image quality. This new technique is suitable to be implemented in smartphones or other Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) devices equipped with a camera and speakers.
DOI: 10.3390/app9112382
Source: Applied Sciences-Basel,v. 9 (11)
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