|Title:||Influence of the Preservation Temperature (37, 20, 4,-196 degrees C) and the Mixing of Semen over Sperm Quality of Majorera Bucks||Authors:||Batista, M.
|Keywords:||Liquid Boar Semen
Reproductive-Performance, et al
|Issue Date:||2011||Publisher:||0936-6768||Journal:||Reproduction in Domestic Animals||Abstract:||ContentsThis study assessed the effect of different semen storage temperatures and the influence of semen pooling in semen viability. In experiment 1, semen samples (n = 30) of five Majorera bucks were individually processed [Individual semen (IS)] and after the first dilution (Tris-yolk extender), semen-diluted aliquots from each male were pooled semen (PS). Thereafter, semen samples (IS and PS) were preserved as fresh semen (37 and 20 degrees C), chilled semen (4 degrees C) and frozen semen. Sperm motility and the percentage of abnormal sperm cells and intact membrane acrosomes were defined. Semen preservation at 20 and 4 degrees C did not modify the quality of spermatozoa for the first 24 h, but the conservation at 37 degrees C caused a dramatic fall in the semen motility from 12 h onwards. Furthermore, the longevity of frozen-thawed semen was limited to 4-6 h. No differences were observed in semen parameters when PS was compared with semen from individual males in any of the preservation protocols assessed. In experiment 2, 120 goats were distributed in four experimental groups: in group fresh individual semen (FIS, n = 30) and group frozen-thawed individual semen (FTIS, n = 30), does were transcervically inseminated with fresh semen and frozen-thawed semen from each individual male, respectively, and in group fresh pooled semen (FPS, n = 30) and group frozen-thawed pooled semen (FTPS, n = 30), goats were transcervically inseminated with FPS and FTPS, respectively. The kidding rate was very close in the FIS and FPS groups (70.0% and 73.7%, respectively), and no significant differences were observed in the fertility rate between FTIS and FTPS. The results of this study confirmed that semen samples may be preserved satisfactorily for 24 h both at 20 and 4 degrees C. In addition, the mixture of semen of different bucks did not significantly modify the semen parameters when compared with semen from individual males.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10553/53209||ISSN:||0936-6768||DOI:||10.1111/j.1439-0531.2010.01659.x||Source:||Reproduction In Domestic Animals[ISSN 0936-6768],v. 46 (2), p. 281-288|
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