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Title: Port-city exhaust emission model: an application to cruise and ferry operations in Las Palmas Port
Authors: Tichavska, Miluše 
Tovar De La Fe, Beatriz Erasmi 
UNESCO Clasification: 531212 Transportes y comunicaciones
Keywords: Puertos
Emisiones de gas
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: 0965-8564
Journal: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 
Abstract: Exhaust emissions cause air pollution and climate change. The exhausts of shipboard fuel combustion are equally damaging particularly, so close to the environmentally sensitive mainland and island coasts, as well as at ports due to their urbanized character. This paper estimates, for the first time, exhaust pollutants related to cruise and ferry operations in Las Palmas Port and, in an island context. Emission assessment is based on a full bottom-up model and messages transmitted by the Automatic Identification System during 2011. Results are described as a breakdown of NOx, SOx, PM2.5, CO and CO2, according to ship classes, operative type and time, providing valuable information to environmental policy makers in port-city areas and islands under similar conditions. It is generally concluded that vessel traffic and passenger shipping in particular are a source of air pollution in Las Palmas Port. Emission maps confirm location of hot spots in quays assigned for cruise and ferry operations. Policy recommendations encourage regular monitoring of exhaust emissions and market-based incentives supported by details on polluting and operative profiles. On the other hand, feasibility studies are suggested for automated mooring, LNG bunkering facilities and also shore-side energy services, prioritizing berthing of shipping sectors (or sub-sectors) with the highest share of exhaust emissions once their local effects have been confirmed by a dispersion, exposure and impact assessment.
ISSN: 0965-8564
DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2015.05.021
Source: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice[ISSN 0965-8564],v. 78, p. 347-360
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