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Title: The impacts of tourism on poverty alleviation: an integrated research framework
Authors: Medina-Muñoz, Diego R. 
Medina-Muñoz, Rita D. 
Gutiérrez-Pérez, Francisco J. 
UNESCO Clasification: 531290 Economía sectorial: turismo
Keywords: Community-based tourism
Poverty alleviation
Pro-poor tourism
Responsible tourism, et al
Issue Date: 2016
Journal: Journal of Sustainable Tourism 
Abstract: This paper aims to contribute to the academic research on tourism and poverty alleviation, by providing an integrated research framework on the impacts of tourism on poverty. First, a conceptual discussion is presented in order to understand the potential of tourism to reduce poverty, as well as different approaches to promoting a direct link between tourism and poverty alleviation. Second, empirical studies published between 1999 and July 2014 were critically analysed in order to generate an empirical research framework that embraces the following issues: geographical scope, level of analysis, tourism context, study methods and poverty measure. Moreover, an integrative discussion of the empirical evidence regarding the contribution of tourism to poverty reduction is included. The proposed framework, which is intended to be useful for guiding future empirical research in this field, suggests associations between tourism initiatives, the poverty rate and the economic, socio-cultural and environmental conditions of the poor.
ISSN: 0966-9582
DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2015.1049611
Source: Journal of Sustainable Tourism[ISSN 0966-9582],v. 24, p. 270-298
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